Absolute dating, on the other hand is capable of telling the exact age of an item using carbon dating and many other techniques that were not there in earlier times.
Relative dating makes use of the common sense principle that in a deposition of layers.
This law was independently discovered by William Smith (1769-1839), a British engineer, while working on excavations for canals in England (Winchester, 2002 p.
131) and by Georges Cuvier (1769-1832), a French anatomist, and Alexandre Brongniart (1770-1847), a French naturalist and geologist, during their work on the deposits of the Paris Basin.
A layer that is higher is of later age than a layer that is lower in order.
This means that the oldest are the strata that are lying at the bottom.
Relative dating uses the principles or laws of stratigraphy to order sequences of rock strata.