Introduction The road towards the acceptance of ECDIS has been long and challenging.
Many of the standards and principles established in the1990s were based on the state of technology at that time.
In recent years concerns from the industry have been raised as to the system's security especially with regards to cyber attacks and GPS spoofing attacks.
ECDIS provides continuous position and navigational safety information.
An Electronic Chart Display and Information System (ECDIS) is a geographic information system used for nautical navigation that complies with International Maritime Organization (IMO) regulations as an alternative to paper nautical charts.